- There are several types of breast cancer, but some of them are quite rare. In some cases a single breast tumor can be a combination of these types or be a mixture of invasive and in situ cancer.
- The chance of a woman developing breast cancer in her lifetime is nearly one in eight, or about 12 per cent.
- Men get breast cancer, too! Although breast cancer in men is rare, an estimated 2,150 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer and approximately 410 will die each year
- In the United States, breast cancer incidence rates are highest in non-Hispanic white women, followed by African American women and are lowest among Asian/Pacific Islander women. In contrast, breast cancer death rates are highest for African American women, followed by white women. Breast cancer death rates are lowest for Asian/Pacific Islander women.
Breast cancer is the leading cancer in Jamaican women:
- It accounts for 29.4 per cent of all cancers in Jamaican women.
- Every year, for every 100,000 women in Jamaica, 43 new cases of breast cancer are diagnosed.
- There is a lifetime risk of one in 21 or, for every 21 women in Jamaica, one will develop breast cancer in her lifetime.
- The analysis by age group shows that breast cancer is the number one cancer even among younger women.
- In the 25-59 age group, breast cancer is the leading cancer, and accounts for 36.9 per cent of all cancers.
- In the 60-74 age group, breast cancer is the leading cancer, and accounts for 25 per cent of all cancers.
- In women aged 75 years or older, breast cancer is the leading cancer, and accounts for 23.1 per cent of all cancers.
The adage “knowledge is power” rings true even in the face of something as daunting as cancer. Needless to say, if diagnosed, there is a vital need to become informed on breast cancer. An integral component of this quest for information will be maintaining a strong communication channel with your doctor so that questions can be asked comfortably.
To this end, here are 10 important questions to ask your doctor if diagnosed with breast cancer:
1. Exactly what type of breast cancer do I have?
2. How do I get a copy of my pathology report?
3. What’s the cancer’s stage? What does that mean?
4. Has the cancer spread to my lymph nodes or other organs?
5. How does this affect my treatment options and long-term outcome (prognosis)?
6. What are my chances of survival, based on my cancer as you see it?
7. How much experience do you have treating this type of cancer?
8. Will I need other tests before we can decide on treatment?
9. What are my treatment choices? What treatment do you recommend and why?
10. Should I get a second opinion? How do I do that?
This video does not replace actual medical advice. Always consult your doctor with any questions or concerns.
Over the course of a woman's lifetime, she may experience breast changes. While many end up being nothing to worry about, it's important to have any changes that you notice checked by a doctor -- just to be on the safe side. Here are the potential breast cancer symptoms to watch out for.
Do a monthly self-exam
Start performing a monthly self-exam as soon as your breasts are fully developed. Checking yourself regularly is important -- you need to know what your breasts feel like normally so you can recognize any changes. Examine yourself several days after your period ends, when your breasts are least likely to be swollen and tender.
If you're no longer having periods, choose a day that's easy to remember, such as the first or last day of the month. Keep in mind that it's not uncommon for breasts to feel lumpy due to benign fibrocystic breast disease, cysts, scar tissue, infections, and other causes that have nothing to do with cancer.
Links for Breast Cancer and Bacteria